Exploring the hottest place on earth in Iran: The Lut Desert

Two things propelled me to visit the Lut Desert in Iran. First, I had seen a photo on Instagram (apparently, the latest place to go for travel inspo) from a photographer who had recently been there, and I instantly wanted to know: where and how. Second, a French guy I had been hanging out with at the hostel in Yazd told me it was a real experience to feel that kind of intense heat that most of us couldn’t even imagine. I like pretty places and cool experiences, preferably together, so I made plans to get off the well beaten tourist circuit in Iran and head to Kerman. 

Bus journeys in Iran, at least along this popular route from Tehran through Esfahan and Yazd, are characterised by boring scenery for the most part. It really is a country of desert and nothingness (much like my own country, Australia) and the trip out to Kerman was no different. Luckily, roads are well maintained, and buses are relatively new and smooth, meaning travel times are not too long. 

Kerman bazaar

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Kerman is not really a big tourist town; however, it still has a few things to keep you occupied for a day. The bazaar is actually quite attractive and, although a lot of the bazaars in Iran start to look very much the same after a while, I would say Kerman was probably my favourite. It’s very atmospheric and had a very authentic feel, compared to more tourist-oriented bazaars in Esfahan and Shiraz. There was plenty of the usual vendors selling copper jewellery, dried fruit and spices, women’s hijabs and carpets. However, if you head outside of the covered area, there is a bustling fruit and vegetable section that is also fun to wander through and people watch. There is plenty of hidden courtyards, an old caravanserai and mosques inside as well, which are worth a look.

Caravanserai Kerman

The real attraction of Kerman is, however, its proximity to the Lut Desert. Although I heard that it is possible to stay in an even closer town, Shahdad, there really isn’t much there and Kerman has a lot more amenities for travellers. I organised, Metti, the owner of the hostel in Kerman, to take me out to the Kaluts for sunset.

lut desert

The Kaluts is a large dry, salt desert and the 27th largest in the world. It’s most famous for having the hottest recorded ground temperature of over 70 degrees Celsius and is basically an unbearable place to be in the middle of the day or at any time in summer. It is largely uninhabited for this reason, although small villages are damn close to it and still manage to survive these scorching temperatures. 

It’s not advised to visit the desert in summer (obviously… although some people do) or the middle of the day in general. It is possible to camp out there but mostly only in the cooler months. I was there in September and so a sunset drive is the most popular thing to do, as it avoids the main heat of the day and is much more picturesque then too.

On my tour with Metti, we stopped at points along the way, including the town of Shahdad, and he was able to explain to me how exactly humans have been able to survive in such harsh climates and landscapes for so long. The desert lies over a high mountain range, and most of the villages we saw were actually dotted around the base of the slopes. This is strategic of course, as any water from melting snow and rain runs down the mountains making the land immediately surrounding the base more fertile. 

The other form of water supply was from a large aquifer or underground well that existed under the desert. Through a clever network of sloping channels built underground by local people known as qanats, they managed to have access to water all year round. Some of these channels are open to show tourists as they are not used as much anymore. Unfortunately, Metti told me that the aquifer has been all but exploited now from people taking more than they should and the entire water system network that people had used for thousands of years does not function as it used to. 

Dry desert near Kerman

We moved to the edge of the Lut Desert where he explained to me how the odd mounds that are scattered across the desert are actually formed. Rather than wind breaking down the structures as what most people would assume, they are actually built up by the wind. Over time, the wind carries dust, sand and/or salt which gets trapped around small bushes and builds these sorts of weird mounds. 

As we drove further into the Lut Desert we started to see these famous, weather-sculptured sandy structures that make the desert so unique. The solid structures known as kaluts are strewn across the landscape, looking something similar to Monument Valley in the US. It really was an incredible sight and looked more like another planet’s surface or perhaps a set from a fantasy movie like Star Wars. 

Lut Desert Iran

There is an official “viewpoint” and carpark area where vehicles are meant to stop. However, Metti asked if I preferred a quieter place, which of course, I did. So we continued driving for another 10 minutes before he diverted off the road and started crossing the salt crusted ground into the desert. We found a perfect spot, with absolutely no one else in sight, to enjoy the sunset. 

The heat in the air was a real slap in the face as I emerged from the car. I could almost feel my blood start to boil the longer I spent outside. The heavy heat in the air also meant that it was incredibly dry, and my skin, lips and mouth instantly became parched; not a drop of sweat sat on my skin too long. It really was a weird, out of body experience, to feel that sort of heavy, dry heat. However, it was somehow bearable, and I managed to roam around with my cameras without melting. Although, I can’t imagine what it would be like in the middle of the day.

Deserts always seem to produce a rainbow of colours at either sunrise or sunset and the array of colours I witnessed in the Lut Desert was definitely one of the best I’ve ever seen. The real attractiveness of the interesting rock formations is to watch the changing of the colours, light and shadows as the sun moves below the horizon. I found myself continuously clicking my camera as everything seemed to change every minute that the sun moved, leaving me with hundreds of photos to go through at the end.

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Lut Desert Iran
Sunset Lut Desert
Nightfall in the Lut Desert

It was a deathly silent and still place. As I sat on one of the kaluts to look out over the bizarre landscape as it turned to night, it was almost intimidating and made me feel like a small and insignificant part to the earth surrounding me. It’s these hugely impressive and vast natural places that I love to experience, as it’s a reminder that we humans are really just a small part that make up this incredible earth. 

As soon as darkness hit, Metti wanted to begin the long drive back. We had left at 4pm and we returned to Kerman at around 9.30pm, with my face still red and camera hot to touch from the intensity of the heat that I had experienced. 

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Where I stayed

I would highly recommend Arad Hostel in Kerman. It’s on the floor above a family home and the son, Metti, runs it. He is a super nice guy and knows a lot about the area. He is also a tour guide and can arrange all sorts of sight seeing trips in his own car. It had a real homestay feel and everything about it was great. You can find the place on Hostelworld.

For the tour, he usually charges 50 euros for one person (it’s much cheaper with more people), but was kind enough to drop the price to 40 for me. I was the only one at the hostel at the time, as not too many people make it out to Kerman in general. It’s a hefty price for Iran standards, but was worth every euro.

Arad Hostel Kerman
Arad Hostel

How I got in

I took a bus from Yazd to Kerman which took around 5 hours. I didn’t pre-book or even know the timetable, but when I went to the terminal in Yazd, it was not too difficult to find a bus and buy a ticket on the spot.

How I got out

From Kerman, I took the long bus trip to Shiraz, which Metti booked for me the night before, however, there was no need really as there were plenty of empty seats. The bus left at 10am and I arrived at 5pm in Shiraz.

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