Lake Van and Dogubayazit in far eastern Turkey

After spending time in Southeastern Turkey, I moved further east to the edge of the Kurdish region to Van and Dogubayazit; home to Turkey’s largest body of water, a number of important historical sites and the fabled Mt Ararat. I based myself in Van, a cool, youthful city on the edge of Lake Van, and made a number of day trips from there.

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Heading to Southeastern Turkey? You can read about my time exploring Mardin and Midyat here and Mount Nemrut and Urfa here.

Van fortress
Van fortress

How I got in

From Diyarbakir I took a bus to Van. There are services running at 9.00, 12.30, 17.30 and 21.00 from the main Otogar (bus station) in Diyarbakir and the trip took 7 hours and cost 80TL (AUD$20).

You can read more about Diyarbakir at the end of my post on Mt Nemrut and Sanliurfa here.


Van is a city that sits on the eastern shore of Lake Van, Turkey’s largest body of water. It’s a modern, trendy city with a vibrant shopping central area and a young Kurdish population who make it quite a progressive place to be.

There’s not exactly a whole lot to do in the city itself, except soak up the vibe and climb to the top of the city’s castle for sunset.

Van fortress sunset
Sunset from the fortress

Van castle/fortress

The fortress of Van is the city’s main tourist site away from the lake and it’s an old fort built between the 9th and 7th centuries BC. It’s now been partially restored and the views over the lake and city are incredible from atop its walls.

It is possible to walk down to the fortress but it is just over 5km away from the centre. Instead, you can take one of the local buses running up and down Kazim Karabekir Street. Just ask for “kalesi” or “kale” and people should be able to point you to the right bus, which should cost maximum 2 TL. I was dropped at the edge of the park where the fortress is and then I had to cross the park and through the fence to start climbing to the ruins. It may be a bit confusing at first as there doesn’t seem to be an official entrance, however, there is, it is just quite far around the other side and most people don’t use it.

You will see a gaping hole in the fence in the park where there are a few obvious trails that lead to the ruins at the top. You can always ask locals picnicking in the park, I even had boys offering to escort me up if I needed.

Sunset time was a very beautiful and popular time to be at the fortress as the sun sets right over Lake Van.

Hosap Castle

Just 50km away from Van is the remains of Hosap Castle built by the Kurds as a sort-of fortress to defend their territory. It was once one of the regions main tourist attractions, however, it’s been under construction for some time and is often closed completely. The guys at the hostel in Van told me it wasn’t worth a visit, but I heard that if you were lucky enough to arrive on a day that they had decided to open it, it was worth it.

It’s possible to take a local bus to Hosap, which leaves from around the corner from the Backpackers Hostel. However, I heard that getting return transport is hit and miss, but it should still be just a half day excursion regardless.

Where I stayed

I stayed at the only hostel in all of Eastern Turkey: Van Backpackers Hostel, run by a couple of young guys. It’s a pretty standard hostel and not a bad place to stay. It’s centrally located and the staff speak good English and are very helpful about sightseeing and getting to your next destination. If you’re a budget traveller it should be a must-stay in Eastern Turkey.

There are plenty of other accommodation options though if you’d prefer and you can search for them here.

Where I ate

There are endless restaurant options in Van and just a short walk along the main street will reveal plenty of doner kebab places and fancier restaurants offering all the standard Turkish food. There was no stand out places, but I regularly picked a restaurant on the main street, Cumhuriyet Caddesi, and it was never bad.

Lake Van
Lake Van

day trip to Akdamar Island

The region’s main tourist attraction and easily visited independently from Van is Akdamar Island on Lake Van. It’s the largest of the islands and is home to an old Armenian church called the Cathedral of the Holy Cross. The church is tentatively on the list to become recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the future.

Getting there

Visiting the island and church is a relatively easy day trip you can take independently from Van. First, I walked to the dolmus/minibus station just beyond the end of Cumhuriyet Caddesi (it’s marked on Maps.Me), where there are buses running to the otogar regularly (map explaining this at the end). Then from the otogar, there are minivans running to a place called Gevas, which is near the boat dock for Akdamar Island. There should be around six services a day and the bus I took left at 11am and cost 7 TL (AUD$2). Alternatively, you could take a bus going to Tatvan, a town on the western side of the lake, and ask to be dropped off in Gevas. The drive was just under an hour and the driver actually stopped directly at the boat dock, assuming that’s where me and some other local day trippers wanted to go.

The dock consists of a couple of restaurants where you can buy a return ticket on the ferry for 20 TL (AUD$5). They tend to leave when there are around 20 people on the ferry and I only waited around 20 minutes before it left. In high season and on weekends, there are obviously more services, otherwise you can wait up to an hour. The boat trip to Akdamar took 40 minutes.

On the island

Once you arrive on the small island you will have to buy a ticket for the church which costs 18 TL (AUD$4.50). Then you are free to roam around the area as you please. There is the cathedral complex, a cafe and a lookout area and you really only need an hour or two maximum to see everything.

The church is really beautiful and it was my first time seeing the Armenian style architecture, something which I would see a lot more of in just a couple of months time in Armenia itself! The reliefs on the outside depict biblical characters and stories and along with the faded frescoes on the inside are considered some of the best Armenian artwork still preserved today.

Akdamar island cathedral
Akdamar island cathedral

Getting back

The ferries return to the mainland when full and I jumped back on one at around 2.30pm, which left not long after. When I arrived back at the dock on the mainland I assumed I would have to go to the highway to flag down a passing bus. However, the restaurant staff told me to wait along with a few other people who were also wanting to get back to Van. We waited around 30 minutes and a minibus arrived to take us back. I paid 7 TL (AUD$2) again for the return trip.

Once back at the otogar in Van, I walked out to the road and waved down a minibus and asked for “merkez” meaning “centre” and I was able to get back to Cumhuriyet Caddesi easily. All in all a successful day trip.

Day trip to Dogubayazit

Dogubayazit, a town near the Iranian border, is home to an 18th century palace that is a unique blend of Ottoman, Persian and Armenian style architecture. It, along with a view of Mt Ararat, the supposed resting place of Noah’s ark, are the main reasons people visit the town. The palace is considered a must-see sight of Eastern Turkey.

I contemplated going to Dogubayazit for the night before continuing on to Kars, because looking at a map it makes sense. However, when I heard that you could do the return trip in a day from Van I decided to do that instead. I was comfortable at the backpacker hostel in Van, it was cheap and it also meant one less time of packing and moving my luggage.

If you want to stay in Dogubayazit overnight there are a few decent accommodation options which you can look at here.

Getting there

To get to the main otogar in Van, I took a dolmus or local bus from the station at the end of the main street, Cumhuriyet Caddesi. Make sure you ask to be dropped at the otogar because otherwise they may not stop as most of them continue on elsewhere (map explaining this at the end).

In the otogar, there is a a small office outside the main building and off to the right side where buses leave for Dogubayazit. There are departures at 7.30, 9.00, 12.00, 14.00 and 16.00. I arrived half an hour before and managed to get a seat on the 9am bus. The ticket cost 30 TL (AUD$8) and the journey time was 2.5 hours.

Dogubayazit palace
Ishak Pasa Palace (from the outside)

Exploring Ishak Pasa Palace and Mount Ararat

Once in Dogubayazit, I walked towards the centre of the quiet town to find the local minibuses that head out to Ishak Pasa Palace which is 6km away and overlooking the town. Locals will happily show you where to go for the shuttle buses as it’s not overly clear and the services are very infrequent when outside of peak season. A one way trip costs 3 TL (less than a dollar).

When I arrived at the palace, it was a Monday and it was closed. I was a bit upset after taking more than three hours to get there. However, as nothing always goes to plan when travelling I had to laugh. There happened to be a taxi driver dropping a local family at their home up the road and he stopped to ask if I needed help because he spoke good English and is a mountain climbing guide for nearby Mt Ararat in season.

Sadly, the palace was closed every Monday and a quick Google would have told me that before I’d made the trip. My new friend, Cuma, offered to instead drive me around to Mt Ararat and some Kurdish villages for a couple of hours before dropping me at the bus stop again. I decided I may as well and I went with him on an impromptu tour of the area outside of town.

Kurdish villages
Kurdish villages

I got a magnificent view of Mt Ararat, where many people believe Noah’s ark came to rest. I also saw many Kurdish villages on the border with Iran which was just a few kilometres away. Cuma told me smuggling was rife and Kurdish communities on either side of the border would trade clothes, alcohol and oil between each other depending on prices and then sell it on the black market. “They look poor these people, but they are not. Trust me, they are rich!” Cuma said.

I had a great couple of hours with my new friend and then he drove me back to Dogubayazit to where the buses leave back to Van. I paid Cuma 100 TL ($25) for the two hour driving tour. The next bus at 2pm was full but the last bus at 3pm still had seats so I got a ticket and then walked ten minutes to the bazaar for lunch.

Dogubayazit food
Might not look appetising, but it’s a must-try in Dogubayazit

I stumbled across a restaurant called Ergul’un Mutfagi at a coincidence but when I walked in, a local man who was eating there explained that it was actually a sort-of famous place for trying the local food known as abdigor kofta (pictured above), which is a giant boiled meatball. I decided to try it and I actually didn’t mind it, to the surprise of the staff. Apparently, it is homemade by women and the restaurant has been a great supporter of female employment. So I highly recommend you go there if you find yourself in Dogubayazit. You can find the restaurant on Google Maps but not Maps.Me.

Getting back

The buses going back to Van leave from the same office where they drop you. They have departures at 6.30, 8.00, 9.00, 12.00, 14.00 and 15.00 and the ticket price is the same, 30 TL (AUD$8).

Back at the otogar in Van I took another local bus back into the city centre from outside the station.

Mount Ararat
Mount Ararat

How I got out

From Van I took a bus to Kars. From what I understood there were two departures, one at 8.30 and one at 10.00. I took the company at 10.00am which cost 100 TL (AUD$25) and took 7-8 hours.

How to get around

To get to the otogar/main bus station, I did the same thing as I’d done each day I’d been in Van. From the backpackers hostel I walked 10-15mins to the local dolmus station (marked on map below) at the end of Cumhuriyet Caddesi (main street). From there, minibuses leave frequently for the otogar (main bus station, also marked below on map) and cost 1 TL. These minibuses should have ‘otogar’ written on their windscreen but make sure you tell the driver that’s where you want to go because usually they will stop along the road outside the otogar somewhere which may not be obvious to you. You can also do the same thing in reverse on your way back. It’s quite an easy place to get around on public transport this way which saves a lot of taxi money.

Van map

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